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De Lalande - Symphonies pour les soupers du roy CD2 (2015)

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De Lalande - Symphonies pour les soupers du roy CD2 (2015)

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1 Grande Pièce en D-la-ré, Passacaille   5'45

4e Suite
2 Ouverture (extraite des Fontaines de Versailles)   2'31
3 Rondeau   1'14
4 Gigue   1'17
5 Air, Petit air tendre, "Jeunes Zéphirs"   1'33
6 Chaconne   3'54
7 1er Air   1'40
8 2e Air, Bourrée en rondeau, Gayement   2'13
9 Trio de hautbois 0'48
10 Rondeau   1'08
11 Sarabande   1'38
12 1er Air   2'02
13 2e Air, "La Naissante Aurore"   2'10
14 3e Air 0'45

5e Suite
15 Ouverture   2'23
16 1er Air   1'19
17 2e Air, Légèrement 0'42
18 Chaconne   3'00
19 1er Air   2'23
20 2e Air   1'26
21 3e Air, vif   1'05
22 Sarabande - 2e Sarabande (alternativement)   3'12
23 Grande Pièce en G-ré-sol, La grande pièce royale, 2e Fantaisie ou Caprice
que le Roy demandoit souvent. Un peu lent - (viste) - Doucement
Gracieusement - Gayement - Vivement   9'32
24 Grand Air   1'48
25 Loure   1'43
26 Trio de hautbois, Rondeau 0'57
27 Dernier Air, vif et détaché   1'01

6e Suite, Airs du Ballet de Flore ou de Trianon
28 Ouverture   2'41
29 Bourrée 0'59
30 Menuet de la Princesse de Blois   1'18
31 Air des Zéphirs   1'49
32 Grand Air   1'53
33 Air de Diane   3'10
34 Bourrée, Rondeau   1'04
35 Sarabande en trio (de hautbois), "Sur les Autels"   1'26
36 Gigue   1'15

La Simphonie du Marais (Orchestra)
Hugo Reyne - Conductor, Flute, Oboe, Recorder

 

The highly talented musician Michel-Richard Delalande tried hard from an early age to obtain a position at the court of Louis XIV. Delalande gained his first post at court thanks to his success at a competition in 1683 when fifteen composers had been asked to set the words of the psalm “Beati quorum”. This marked the beginning of an era which was to last more than four decades, during which Delalande worked at the French royal court. He continually rose through the ranks, collecting an impressive number of posts. Delalande’s chief task entailed composing church music. In doing so, he raised the “grand motet” – celebratory psalm settings for choir, soloists and orchestra – to a new level, producing over seventy large-scale works. He also composed numerous stage works, particularly ballets and divertissements, as royal entertainments.

Immediately after starting in his post as Surintendant de la Musique de la Chambre in 1689, Delalande began composing instrumental movements. These suites were chiefly intended for the king’s soupers which, as the sociologist Peter Burke has pointed out, resembled a ritual:

“Louis might eat more formally (the grand couvert) or less formally (the petit couvert), but even the least formal occasions, très petit couvert, included three courses and many dishes. These meals were performances before an audience. It was an honour to be allowed to watch the king eat, a greater honour to be spoken to by the king during the meal, a supreme honour to be invited to serve him his food or to eat with him.”*)

In this context, instrumental music played an important role, its magnificence reflecting the regent’s powerful self-image. Since new works were continually being demanded, this “table music” practice resulted, over the course of the years, in an impressive body of works. Delalande had a first volume of these works assembled in 1703, containing 160 compositions which are presented as ten suites. The title of the volume uses the term Les Symphonies de M. de La Lande, referring to the entirety of his orchestral works. Further volumes appeared in the following years until after the composer’s death; in all, there are around three hundred movements in different sequences. They are mostly short compositions, either taking after traditional dance models or presented as character pieces.

These collections of Delalande’s works survive as partitions réduites, i.e. in incomplete versions. Most pieces are only noted with two parts, the upper part (“dessus”) and bass; in the trios, a second upper part (“deuxième dessus”) is added; very rarely does one find four-part pieces (“quatuors”). However, it may be assumed that most of this repertoire would have been played by five-part ensembles, according to the ideal of French orchestral writing at the time. ---challengerecords.com

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